Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the most studied cannabinoids, a class of molecules contained in the industrial hemp plant, which belongs to the Cannabis Sativa species. This molecule, and many others that the Cannabis plant produces, were formally discovered in the early 1960’s by Raphael Mechoulam in Israel; earlier work did not identify the active constituents in Cannabis. Academically and anecdotally, CBD has been shown to have the following properties in mammalian systems:
- Stop or reverse cell damage
- Ease anxiety and lower blood pressure
- Induce cell death in certain cancers
Cannabis does not refer in specifically to marijuana. It is a wider term that is utilized while referring to marijuana or hemp of all kinds. Although CBD is also derived from the marijuana plant which we are now breeding to derive low THC high CBD strains, the CBD industry is primarily focused on the hemp dervied version. The cannabis plant is very special; It contains over 480 active compounds, 80+ of which are ONLY found in cannabis. The 80+ compounds only found in cannabis are known as cannabinoids. These interact with the endocannabinoid system receptors in our body, creating balance in body and mind.
Cannabidiol is the most prominent naturally occurring cannabinoid component found in cannabis that comprises up to 40% of the plant. It is not psychoactive and due to selective breeding only contains trace amounts of THC. The presence of certain cannabinoid receptors on immune system cells suggests that cannabinoids like CBD may have a role in immunity and immune responses, like inflammation.